It is an island that has been inhabited for over 50.000 years and its name was after the mythic Kefalos. The inhabitants of the island "Cefalines" are mentioned in Iliada of Omiros and later in Herodotos. They were allies with all the dominating cities in the ancient Greek world and mainly with the Athenians. Firstly they were conquered by the Romans in the beginning of the 2nd B.C. century. Since then and till their union with the rest of Greece, Franks, Russians, Turks, Venetians, English tried to dominate the soul and spirit of the ‘unquiet’ people of Cefalonia but without success.
The continuous alternations of the landscape from green full of trees to barren one, the steep coasts, the lace like seasides and the enchanting beaches with the clear blue sea compose the great variety of the natural beauty of Cefalonia.
Here it is located the mountain Aenos (1.625 m.) full of the rare black firs, with rich fauna and flora counting 1.014 rare species and the famous horses of Aenos.
The biggest island of Ionian sea is Cefalonia extended in an area of 781 sq.km. approximately. It is in a distance of 53 n.m. (3 hours) from Patras and 22,5 n.m. (1 hour 15’) from Kyllini.
Cefalonia is the island of N.Kavvadias, Marinos Antypas, Andreas Laskaratos and innumerable other remarkable poets, writers, musiciens, painters, academic professors and others distinguished for their ‘unquiet’ spirit of former and modern times as well.
The capital of the city Argostoli is located in the region of Krani that was one of the four ancient cities-states of Cefalonia with Pali, Sami, Pronnous.
After the earthquakes of 1953 the city was rebuilt. From the old city they are saved The Bridge of Drapanos and the obelisk.
It is worthwhile to visit the impressive Historical and Popular Art Museum as well as the imposing Korgialenean Library, whereas in a short distance it is the Archaeological Museum.
You can walk to the Lithostroto (Stone-paved), a traditional pedestrian precinct with commercial shops and to the coastal road. In 2 km. towards the airport it is the Cavern of St. Gerassimos, where the saint lived as an hermit when he first came to the island.
From Argostoli you can go for a tour of Lassi leading to the region of Lassi where they are the beaches of Makrys and Platys Ghialos.
In the village Minies with the marvellous beach, 6 km. from Argostoli, the most imposing church is the church of Yperaghia Theotokos Magganas built in 1666 in the same place it is located today as post-earthquake building.
Other villages you can visit is Svoronata with fruitful orchards, Ntomata where the coffin of Patriarch Gregorios E’, Kourkoumelata with extraordinary beautiful houses and gardens, Metaxata, Sarlata with marvellous view.
In the village Travliata it is situated the former capital –till 1757- of the island, built in the Venetian Castle of St.George dominating all around.
Following you will meet the village Lakythra where Lord Byron used to gaze the sea and the enchanting location as well as Spartia with a small fascinating beach.
Sami, the biggest harbour of the island is in a distance of 22 km. from Argostoli. Besides the source of Karavomylos in Sami there is also the cavern Melissani of length 3,5 km., the cavern Drogaratis with rich decoration, as well as the caverns Aggalaki and Zarvati with lakes.
More northern, you will admire the picturesque port of St.Eufymia and travelling quite to the right side there is located the Monastery of Thematon going to Assos.
In the village Assos you will see a fantastic place worthwhile to take pictures of it. The same will happen visiting the enchanting Fiskardo.
On returning to the central road towards Poros, a little after the Castle, going to the right you will meet Karavados.
Following you will pass green villages as Moussata, Vlachata, Lourdata, whereas at the farther end to the right it is situated the Monastery of Sissii.
Before reaching the touristical location Scala there are the places Platies and katelios.
Passing through an imposing ravine and a beautiful bridge, you will reach the harbour of Poros distinguished for its high aesthetics warmth - one of the main ports of the island. Climbed up in an altitude of 550 m. it is the monastery of Atros.
Finally, in the region of Palliki there is the famous Lixouri. Here, you will visit the Jacobatean Library full of books, the hospitable monasteris of Koronatou, Kehrionos and Kipoureon admiring its magnificent view and fascinating landscape, as well as Kounopetra.