Peak time of the civilization of Andros was in Geometrical Period as well as during Byzantine one, when it was the centre of commerce of silk fabrics. After the conquest of Constantinople by the Crusaders of the 4th Crusade, Andros was donated to the Venetians and Marino Dandolo who conquered the island in 1207. The island was under the Venetian sovereignity till 1566 when they left it in the domination of Turks who occupied the island till the Revolution of 1821. After the establishment of the Greek state Andros had a remarkable maritime development as well as a considerable flourishing in art and science.
Andros is situated in the most northern part of Cyclades and is extended in an area of 373 sq.km. It is in a distance of 89 n.m. from Piraeus and 36 n.m. (2 hours) from Rafina.
Successive mountain ranges, steep mountain sides, ravines, gorges and marvellous beaches compose the landscape of Andros that many times is different from the typically known as cycladic landscape, while the impressive buildings and monuments show the visitor the finess and high aesthetics style of the island.
The wonderful, aristocratic capital Andros or Hora with the imposing mansions built in the peak time of the maritime activities in the island as well as the cycladic houses being a mix of neo-classical and cycladic architecture, is situated between the two sandy beaches of Nimborio and Paraporti.
In the square of Theophilos Kaires, in front of the Archaeological Museum, there is the marble fountain Kambani, reminiscent of the Turkish occupation period. Following the road Embeirikou you will reach the square with the bronze statue of "Unknown Sailor", a work of the sculptor Michalis Tombros from Andros.
The islet on which the middle-age castle is built, it is connected with the land by a stone bridge. In 1943 the castle was destroyed by bombing. Near the castle, in a rock, it is the church of Panaghia Thallassini (Virgin Mary of the Sea), protector of seamen.
Worthwhile to visit are the churches of Panaghia Palatiani aged since the 13th century and being one of the most considerable monuments of Hora, the church of St. George -17th century, Panaghia Odighitria, Theoskepasti and St. Andreas Latinon (St. Andrew of Latins).
Hora has also many imposing buildings as the Embeirikio Old People's Home as well as the Maritime Highschool.
Kairios Library includes the library of the piloshoper, theologian and fighter of 1821, Theophilos Kaires with interesting old editions, manuscripts etc. The renovated house of Theophilos Kaires is offered as an exhibitions place.
In the Archaeological Museum, donation of the family Goulandres, they are exhibited findings of the Geometrical, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Period, objects of the Venetian sovereignity and Turkish occupation period.
The Museum of Modern Art established by Liza and Basil Goulandres houses works of the sculptor Michalis Tombros, while every summer they are organised remarkable exhibitions of modern art.
The Maritime Museum has a rich collection of models of ships, marine instruments, photographs and maps.
Picturesque villages near Hora are Syneti with stone houses, Nimborio and Livadia.
27 km. west of Hora it is spread the cosmopolitan Batsi in a marvellous bay with immense sandy beach, where you can enjoy swimming and water sports.
You can also visit the Monastery of Zoodochos Pighi where significant manuscripts are kept as well as heirlooms of the fighters of the Revolution of 1821 while the view from there is magnificent.
16 km. west of Hora it is situated Palaeopoli, built in the location of the ancient capital of Andros. Near the coast there are ruins of the ancient city. Here they were discovered in 1956 by the professor Kontoleonta ruins of the open public space (agora) of the ancient city, remnants of temples, sculptured works, vessels and coins. To the south of Palaeopolis, in Zagora, it was discovered one of the most significant geometrical settlements in Greece.
Gavrio, 31 km. west of Hora, is the main harbour of the island with a great deal of touristic activity.
To the southern part of Gavrio there are three of the most gorgeous seashores of the island, Aghios Petros, Kypri and Chryssi Ammos where you will have the possibility of water sports. In the location Aghios Petros it is situated the impressive five-storied Tower of Aghios Petros, 20 m. high.
In Apoekia with rich vegetation, 4 km. from Hora, there is the monastery of St. Nicholas - 18th century- with impressive ecclessiastical relics.
Near Apoekia it is the village Stenies with beautiful houses and the mansion Bisti, a building of the 17th century. Near the capital there is also the village Messaria with the church of Taxiarches established in 12th century.
From Messaria you can reach the village Menites with purling springs and Fallika with the monastery of Panachrantos set up in the 10th century.
In the village Korthi and the settlement by the sea Ormos Korthiou you can visit the byzantine monastery of Tromarchion dedicated to St.