Andros is an island with long history. It is inhabited since archaic times and met times of glory and wealth. From early times, evolved to a strong naval force of Aegean sea and was the bone of contention for many conquerors.
The island was named after the mythic hero Andros, who, according to tradition, was the first settler of the island. During ancient times, it was known as Idrousa, Gavros and Lasia.
As first residents of the island are reported Pelasgi. Kares, Phinics and Krites followed.
Around 100BC Ions came to the island. A period of bloom started then.
Excavations in Zagora brought into light the remains of a settlement from Geometric times (9th-7thBC) that show the cultural level of residents.
In archaic times, capital of Andros was Paleopolis. The island then had its own coin. Andros has evolved to a strong naval force and had colonies in Halkidiki, Thrace and Minor Asia.
It was member of the First (376BC) and Second (476BC) Athenaeum Alliance.
During history, Andros followed the rest of Cyclades islands. It was under possession of Romans, Byzantine, Venetian and Turkish.
It met a lot of catastrophes and plunders but also times of bloom, as it seems from the important monuments of the island.
During Byzantine period, Andros flourished, as it was established as a trade and naval force of the time. Many churches and monasteries were built in the island at that time.
In 1207 Venetian conquer Andros, as all Cyclades islands. It stayed under the Venetian possession until 1556 when Turkish conquered it.
Andros took part in the revolution of 1821. 37 residents of Andros were members of the Philik Company. On the 10th Of May 1821, Theofilos Kapsis raised the banner of Revolution and a new era for Andros began. Andros incorporated to the Greek Union in 1829, along with the rest islands.
In the latest years, Andros flourished thanks to the development of shipping. It is not accidental that many Greek ship-owners come from Andros.