The archaeological site of Akrotiri is one of the most well saved prehistorical towns in Greece.
It is located in the south of the island and was discovered in 1967 by the arcaeologist Spyro Marinato. It is a town which for centuries was-barely touched-burried under the ashes of the volcano.
It was settled in the past neolithic Age and flourished in the Early Age of Copper.It covered a space of more than 200square meters. It had an excellent city plan,a fine draining system and many two and three storey buildings.A lot of them had beautiful frescoes and household-furniture that reveal the cultural level of their residents.From these findings we understand that that Thira had a close relationship with Minoan Crete and Epirotic Greece, Dodekanese, Cyprus, Syria and Egypt.
At the end of 17BC people left the town suddenly due to strong earthquakes.The erruption of the volcano that followed changed entirely the shape of the island.
The volcanic material that covered the town and the whole island,protected untill our days the buildings and everything inside,just like in Pombiia.This is how the ancient town was saved,called by many “Pombiia of Greece”,and impresses visitors.
The ancient Thira is located in the east side of Santorini and is built on a height of 400cm.Itwas established in the 9th century BC by Dorian settlers with Thira as a leader, by whom the island took its name. Since then it was constantly habitated untill the past Byzantine age.
The most important findings are dated from the hellenistic and roman age. From all these distinguishes the Market which is located at the centre of the ancient town. The Theatre dated from the 3rd century Bc was built by Ptolemeo and changed by Romans.
The temple of Artemide that is carved in a rock makes a great impression to visitors. The epigrams and symbols of gods incised on rocks are characteristic.
Temples that also distinguish are those of Dionyso, Apollona Karniou and all the sacred buildings inj Ancient Thira.