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September 19, 2019
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GREECE > CYCLADES > AMORGOS > HISTORY
HISTORY
According to the archaeological findings Amorgos is inhabited since prehistoric times. In the ancient towns have excavated findings from the protocycladic times. Located right across the ancient Ion towns made it one of the first stations for Ions coming to Greece.
During ancient times three cities flourished. Minoa, Aegiali and Arkesini. From the settlement's remains and the findings excavated you can see the advanced civilization of Amorgos. In 322BC Amorgos' sea battle was made among generals from Athens and Grand Alexander's from Macedonia. It was then that Amorgos' residents became famous for the red kirtles they made of transparent cloth that was named Amorgia or Amorgina or Amorgides. In Aristofanis' homonym play, Lisistrati exhorted women to wear it in order to tempt men erotically. During Roman times Amorgos was the land of banishment. In Byzantine times Amorgos attached to the Shire of the Islands with Rodes as its capital.
In 1207 was the first island conquered by the Francs. Ieremias Gizis took Amorgos' administration.
It was then taken over Marcus Sanoudos. In the years followed Amorgos met a lot of catastrophes and plunders from pirates and conquerors that asserted its land. The command of the island changed a lot of times with Gizis' family staring in every insurrection.
In 1537 the Turkish Admiral Barbarossa takes over the island. During the times of the Ottoman Domination many of the island's residents leave it and go to Crete. Amorgos took part in the 1821 revolution and added to the rest of Greece in 1832.
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